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The Intelligent Taiwan - Manpower Cultivation Project (Forming Part of the "i-Taiwan 12 Projects")

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  • Post Date: 01/14/2010

Overview of the Intelligent Taiwan - Manpower Cultivation Project

  • Concept:

    The overall goal of the Intelligent Taiwan - Manpower Cultivation Project is to leverage the close linkages between manpower cultivation, human capital and competitiveness by ensuring that educational resources are allocated as efficiently as possible in such a way as to strengthen national competitiveness and cultivate outstanding, self-actualizing modern citizens who will also be "citizens of the world." The three main goals include: "strengthening language, reading and IT education, encouraging lifelong learning, and bridging the rural-urban gap and the digital divide," "promoting tuition assistance measures for senior vocational high schools, and improving the faculty, facilities and curriculum of vocational schools and institutes of technology, so as to cultivate a variety of human resources needed by industry, and enhance national competitiveness," and "implementing the 'Development Plan for World-class Universities' and 'Teaching Excellence Project,' to cultivate high-level human resources and bring the standard of research in Taiwan's universities up to world-class levels."

    The 13 individual plans that will be implemented under the "Intelligent Taiwan - Manpower Cultivation" Project include: 'Happy Reading 101' - Ministry of Education Reading Improvement Plan for Elementary and Junior High Schools, the Teaching Improvement Subsidy Plan, the Promotion of Reading and Improved Library Environment: 2009 - 2012 Library Innovation Service Development Project, the Project for Improving the IT Teaching Environment in Elementary and Junior High Schools, the Plan for Enhancing National English Proficiency, the Project for Promoting Measures to Help General and Vocational High School Students Pay Tuition Fees, the Project for the Renovation or Rebuilding of Elementary and Junior High School Buildings and Facilities, the Project for the Renovation of State High and Technical High School Buildings and Practicum Facilities Improvement, the Project for Developing Specialist Colleges to Support the Growth of Specialist Industries in Taiwan, the Development Plan for World Class University and Research Centers of Excellence (MOE ATU plan), the Teaching Excellence Project, the Educational Safety Net Project, and the Project for Fostering Manpower and Facilitating Employment.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2016
  • Budget: NT$298,718 million estimated for 2009 to 2016, including NT$211,087 million for central government agencies, NT$3,611 million for local governments, and NT$84,020 million for special projects.
  • Manner of implementation: Government implementation, with the Central Government subsidizing all county and city governments.
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Higher Education, Department of Technological & Vocational Education, Department of Elementary Education, Department of Social Education, Central Region Office, Computer Center), Research, Development and Evaluation Commission, and city governments.

1. 'Happy Reading 101' - Ministry of Education Reading Improvement Plan for Elementary and Junior High Schools

  • Concept:

    Funding assistance will be provided to individual county and city governments to help them implement reading improvement plans. The main emphasis will be on improving the way in which reading is taught, increasing the amount of time allocated for reading, expanding the facilities and content of elementary and junior high school libraries, encouraging schools and kindergartens to promote family reading activities, and getting different sectors within society to work together to promote reading. It is anticipated that the implementation of this Plan will help students to develop a love of reading, while also encouraging schools to position reading as a "core value," and getting parents to spend more time reading together with their children.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2016 (From 2011 onwards, the Plan will be implemented as a routine task, rather than as a special project)
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$2,601 million.
  • Manner of implementation: The central government will provide funding support to individual county and city governments to help them implement the Plan.
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Elementary Education), and individual county and city governments.

2. Teaching Improvement Subsidy Plan

  • Concept:

    Subsidies will be provided to individual county and city governments to help them undertake teaching and research plans aimed at enhancing teaching quality, and to support the establishment of a comprehensive curriculum development and implementation mechanism, with the goals of establishing a professional support system for teachers, upgrading teachers' professional capabilities, and developing a wide range of carefully-targeted, innovative teaching activities that can help to strengthen students' basic competencies.
  • Implementation period: 2009-2016
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$3,880 million.
  • Manner of implementation: The central government will provide subsidies to individual county and city governments.
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Elementary Education), and individual county and city governments.

3. Promotion of Reading and Improved Library Environment: 2009 - 2012 Library Innovation Service Development Project

  • Concept:

    The Project will involve the active promotion of innovative service development plans at the Promote library innovation service plans at the National Central Library, the National Central Library Taiwan Branch, the National Taichung Library and 545 public libraries at the county, city, township and rural township level throughout Taiwan, with the aim of bringing about an across-the-board improvement in the quality of service that these libraries provide, so as to encourage the reading habit among Taiwan's citizens. It is anticipated that this Project will have three key implementation items: "public library rejuvenation," "creating specialty library collections and innovative services," and "improving national collections."
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2016
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$4,678 million.
  • Manner of implementation: Project to be implemented directly by the government.  
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Social Education)

4. Project for Improving the IT Teaching Environment in Elementary and Junior High Schools

  • Concept:

    To speed up the promotion of IT education and raise national competitiveness to a level that puts Taiwan on a par with the advanced nations, it is vitally important to provide first-class IT education facilities and a sound overall IT education environment. Subsidies will be provided to permit the upgrading of IT education facilities in elementary and junior high schools every four years, so as to ensure a high quality of IT teaching.  
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2016
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$5,983 million.
  • Manner of implementation: Project to be implemented by individual county and city governments
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education ( Computer Center ), individual county and city governments

5. Plan for Enhancing National English Proficiency

  • Concept:

    To strengthen the cultivation of specialists with strong English language capabilities, create opportunities for scenario-based English language learning, leverage English language capabilities to enhance market competitiveness, make effective use of English to enhance the quality of international service provision, and strengthen and support the mechanisms needed to support the process of internationalization.
  • Implementation period: 2010 to 2016
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$600 million.
  • Manner of implementation: The Plan will be implemented in collaboration with the Executive Yuan's plans to create an international living environment; the Plan will be implemented by central government ministries and by local government authorities.
  • Agencies in-charge: Research, Development and Evaluation Commission, Executive Yuan

6. The Project for Promoting Measures to Help General and Vocational High School Students Pay Tuition Fees

  • Concept:

    Building on existing tuition fee exemption and reduction policies, the scope of assistance will gradually be expanded. In light of the heavy financial pressure under which the government currently finds itself, efforts will be made to promote collaboration between schools and industry, and to expand the provision of free tuition for students studying science subjects that relate to the special needs of industry. By integrating the resources of the education sector and the resources of industry, it should be possible both to make a contribution towards the reinvigoration of Taiwanese industry and to ensure the provision of practical, useful vocational education. Continuing support will be provided for the Ministry of Education's long-standing goal of helping students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, and of providing assistance for vocationally-oriented students to help them undertake courses of study related to their interests without being under excessive financial pressure, and to give them the best possible chances of success when they enter the labor market.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2013
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$86,500 million.
  • Manner of implementation: Expenditure required by law
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Central Region Office), all state-run and private senior high schools

7. Project for the Renovation or Rebuilding of Elementary and Junior High School Buildings and Facilities

  • Concept:

    A key priority for the effective promotion of education and for the achievement of educational goals and ideals is ensuring the safety of school buildings and facilities; if the school is unsafe, then all other ideals and objectives are meaningless. The experience of the major earthquake that hit Taiwan on September 21, 1999, and of the Sichuan earthquake in 2008, made plain to everyone the importance of ensuring that school buildings are resistant to earthquakes, and drew attention to the problem of school buildings that are old, decrepit and vulnerable to earthquake damage, and the potential threat they pose to the safety of students and teachers. This Project has been formulated in line with the government's Plan for Expansion of Investment in Public Construction to Revitalize the Economy, with the aim of speeding up the renovation and rebuilding of old and decrepit elementary and junior high school buildings, so as to enhance their resistance to earthquakes and ensure the safety of both students and teachers, while also improving the overall school environment.
  • Implementation period: 2009 - 2012
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$21,600 million (special funding).
  • Manner of implementation: Funding assistance will be provided to enable the elementary and junior high schools falling under the supervision of county and city governments throughout Taiwan to undertake earthquake resistance appraisal (including both preliminary appraisal and detailed appraisal), renovation design work, renovation construction work, demolition and rebuilding, as well as the establishment of a school building earthquake resistance database; funding assistance will also be provided to support improvement of the overall school environment and facilities, and guidance will be provided to individual county and city governments to help them speed up the process of remedying problems relating to old and decrepit elementary and junior high school buildings and inadequate earthquake resistance.
  • Agencies-in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Elementary Education)

8. Project for the Renovation of State High and Technical High School Buildings and Practicum Facilities Improvement

  • Concept:

    A key priority for the effective promotion of education and for the achievement of educational goals and ideals is ensuring the safety of school buildings and facilities; if the school is unsafe, then all other ideals and objectives are meaningless. It is the government's responsibility to create a safe, healthy, friendly school environment that will facilitate the undertaking of educational activities within the school by students and teachers. Where school buildings are old and decrepit, or insufficiently resistant to earthquakes, this creates a serious latent threat to the safety of both students and teachers. The Taiwanese government has for many years now allocated an annual budget for the improvement of old and decrepit school buildings, focusing on renovation work. If building safety appraisal reveals that a building poses a serious safety risk, and attempts to strengthen the existing building would not be cost-effective, then the building may be demolished and rebuilt. However, because of the enormous funds required for the renovation and rebuilding of old and decrepit school buildings, and because all school buildings age over time, the funds that the government has been able to allocate have never been sufficient to completely eliminate this problem, and there has been an even more serious shortage of funds for improving the earthquake resistance of school buildings that are relatively new but suffer from inadequate resistance to earthquakes. Without question, this situation represents a serious risk to the safety of students and teachers. It is anticipated that this Project will be able to secure special funding, in line with the overall aims of the Plan for Expansion of Investment in Public Construction to Revitalize the Economy, with the aim of solving the above-mentioned problems of old and decrepit school buildings and inadequate earthquake resistance.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2013
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$18,900 million (including NT$700 million for central government agencies, and NT$18,200 for special projects).
  • Manner of implementation: By the government
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Central Region Office), all state-run senior high schools

9. Project for Developing Specialist Colleges to Support the Growth of Specialist Industries in Taiwan

  • Concept:

    In the past, Taiwan's technical and vocational education system has cultivated untold numbers of lower-level technical manpower for Taiwan, thereby making an important contribution to Taiwan's economic and social development. However, as society has evolved and as Taiwan's industries have upgraded themselves, in the last few years the technical and vocational education system has found itself facing some serious problems and challenges. In response, in line with the basic strategy for technical and vocational education, which emphasizes practical utility and specialization, as well as the need to cultivate technical talent, the Ministry of Education has been implementing the Technical and Vocational Restructuring Project for the Cultivation of High-quality Specialist Talent. In terms of the implementation strategy, to achieve the goal of cultivating highly capable, competitive specialist talent with good employment prospects, in line with the special characteristics of technical and vocational education, the Ministry of Education anticipates that the Project for Developing Specialist Technical and Vocational Colleges to Support the Growth of Specialist Industries in Taiwan will help to integrate the improvement of technical and vocational education with the development of key industries, facilitating cultivation of the human talent that Taiwanese industry needs - people who combine the Taiwanese virtues with international competitiveness - while at the same time bringing about an improvement in the quality of technical and vocational college faculty, facilities and curriculums.
  • Implementation period: 2010 - 2013
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required for the four-year plan implementation period will be NT$4,030 million.
  • Manner of implementation: By the government.
  • Agencies-in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Technical and Vocational Education)

10. Development Plan for World Class University and Research Centers of Excellence (MOE ATU plan)

  • Concept:

    Focusing on those universities that have already achieved excellence in some area, efforts will be made to establish a competitive environment in the university sector, with funding support provided to help strengthen basic university infrastructure, recruitment of outstanding teaching staff from overseas and promotion of international academic collaboration, with the aim of raising the overall quality of teaching and research, improving the results achieved in collaboration between universities and industry, and encouraging a striving for excellence, so as to bring about the development of world-class universities and research centers of excellence.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2015
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$6,500 billion.
  • Manner of implementation: The Ministry of Education will select universities with the potential to become outstanding universities within the Asia region within 5 years, to join the Top 100 best universities in the world within 10 years, and to be included in the global Top 50 within 15-20 years, along with universities that possess research centers with the potential to become outstanding centers of excellence. Funding support will be provided to help these universities strengthen their basic infrastructure, while at the same time the universities will be helped to recruit more first-rate overseas professors and to participate more actively in international academic collaboration projects. These universities will be expected to raise their teaching and research standards, and their performance in collaboration with industry, to the point where they are on a par with first-class universities in other parts of the world, and ready to establish themselves as world-class universities and research centers of excellence.
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Higher Education)

11. Teaching Excellence Project

  • Concept:

    To improve the quality of higher education in Taiwan, in 2005 the Ministry of Education initiated the Teaching Excellence Project, which uses a competitive funding mechanism to provide subsidies for domestic universities to help them make improvements to their teaching systems. This Project has succeeded in getting Taiwan's universities to focus on improving the quality of teaching, and the results achieved by the Project have been widely praised. Building on the achievements of the original Teaching Excellence Project, it is now intended to implement a Stage Two Teaching Excellence Project, to provide ongoing encouragement to universities to implement plans to improve their teaching quality, while also deepening and enhancing the efforts made in this area. It is intended that the Plan will include tow main items: the Teaching Excellence Project and the Regional Teaching Resources Center Project.
  • Implementation period: 2009 to 2016
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$21,200 billion.  
  • Manner of implementation: This project will be carried out by implementing a screening process to select those universities that have achieved significant results in their efforts to improve teaching quality. The project will be implemented directly by the government.
  • Agencies in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Higher Education and Department of Technological & Vocational Education)

12.  The Educational Safety Net Project

  • Concept:

    The aim of this Project is to establish platforms and channels for helping students to pay tuition fees and related expenses, including: for elementary and junior high school students, the provision of financial assistance to help pay for school meals, assistance with fees that have been paid on the students' behalf, and emergency relief scholarships; for students at senior high school level and above, financial assistance for students whose parents are unemployed, emergency relief scholarships, and scholarships for students who are working to pay for their own studies; financial support for students on work-study programs who are unable to secure suitable work, and relaxation of student loan requirements.
  • Implementation period: 2009 - 2012
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$38,298 million (including NT$16,092 million for special projects).
  • Manner of implementation: Collaborative implementation by central government agencies and local government authorities.
  • Agencies-in-charge: Ministry of Education (Department of Higher Education, Department of Technical and Vocational Education, Department of Elementary Education, Department of Physical Education, Central Region Office), public and private schools at all levels.

13. The Project for Fostering Manpower and Facilitating Employment

  • Concept:

    The recent upsurge in unemployment in Taiwan has had a particularly severe impact on young people, university graduates and R&D and other technical personnel. To help individuals in these groups maintain their employability and strengthen Taiwan's human capital, the Ministry of Education has formulated the Project for Fostering Manpower and Facilitating Employment, in line with the provisions of Paragraph 1, Article 10 of the Special Statute for Revitalizing the Economy and Expanding Public Construction. The Project will provide opportunities to undertake research, teaching, training etc. at universities and colleges, with the aim of encouraging university and college graduates who are currently not in work to assist with teaching, research, R&D and administrative work at schools, colleges and social education institutions, and in related industries. At the same time, a wide range of practically-oriented training programs will be provided to improve these unemployed individual's ability to find work and obtain professional certification.
  • Implementation period: March 1, 2009 - February 28, 2010
  • Budget: The (estimated) total funding required will be NT$28,128 million (special budget allocations).
  • Manner of implementation: This Project will include 16 sub-projects, of which 11 will be implemented by the Ministry of Education, 2 by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2 by the National Science Council, 1 by the Council of Labor Affairs, and 1 by the Council of Agriculture.

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