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An Educational Overview

An Educational Overview

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  • Post Date: 11/01/2010

The Educational System

The present educational system supports 22 years of formal study. The timetable is flexible, depending upon the needs of the students. On average, the entire process includes two years of preschool education, six years of primary school, three years of junior high school, three years of senior secondary school, 4-7 years of college or university, 1-4 years of a master's degree programme and 2-7 years of a doctoral degree programme.

Compulsory Education

The MOE has implemented a trial ten-year compulsory education programme nationwide. This programme was designed to integrate junior high school and senior vocational school curricula. Under this trial, junior high school students who are interested in beginning a programme in vocational training can do so during the last year of junior high school, for two years.

Senior High and Senior Vocational Education

There are two types of institution above junior high school level. These are senior high school and senior vocational school, both of which take three years to complete. Senior vocational schools offer courses in areas such as agriculture, industry, commerce, marine products, home economics, opera and arts.

Junior College Education

Junior colleges fall into two categories: the five-year junior college and the two-year junior college, each having a different set of admission requirements. Five-year junior colleges admit junior high school graduates and offer five-year courses of study. Two-year junior colleges admit senior vocational high school graduates and offer two-year courses of study.

Normal Education and Training Programmes

In Taiwan, teacher training programmes are available at higher education level and usually last four years. Those programmes fall into two categories: (1) programmes for training teachers of secondary education; and (2) programmes for training teachers of primary schools and kindergartens. The former are primarily offered by normal universities while the latter are chiefly offered by education universities.

University Education

University undergraduate programmes require four years of study; however, students who are unable to fulfil their requirements within the designated time may be granted extensions of up to two years.

Specialised undergraduate programmes such as dentistry or medicine require six to seven years, including an internship period of one year.

Graduate Education

Graduate programmes leading to a master’s or doctoral degree require one to four years and two to seven years, respectively. However, students who enter the graduate school as part of their on-job training can be granted an extension if they fail to finish the required courses or to complete their thesis/dissertation on time.

Special Education

Only designated schools are allowed to admit students who are mentally or physically challenged. Special education in preschool education and primary school requires at least six years; in junior high school, three years; and in senior high and senior vocational school, three years. Special classes are offered by regular education institutions, including primary, junior and senior secondary schools.

Supplementary Education

Supplementary education provides citizens with an alternative way to achieve their educational goals. Based on the curriculum provided, it is classified into three main categories: basic education; advanced education; and short-term supplementary education. The study periods vary according to their curriculum design.