Students may study, under the current education system, for up to 20 years, which includes 6 years of primary education, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior secondary school, 4 years of higher education, 1 to 4 years for a master’s degree and 2 to 7 years for a doctoral degree.
9-year Compulsory Education system was put into effect in SY1968, of which 6 years are for elementary education and 3 years for junior high school. To offer more diverse development opportunities for junior high school students, technical arts education is included as well, in addition to the regular curriculum. Practical classes allow students to better understand vocational education and their future career choices. 12-year Basic Education was carried out in SY2014.
Senior Secondary Education
Senior secondary education consists of three years of schooling and includes “general senior secondary schools,” “skill-based senior secondary schools,” “comprehensive senior secondary schools,” and “specialized senior secondary schools.”
Junior College Education
Junior college education can be classified according to admission requirements into 5-year junior colleges and 2-year junior colleges. 5-year junior colleges admit graduates of junior high schools, whereas 2-year junior colleges admit graduates of skill-based senior secondary schools.
Teacher Education Programs
The teacher education system is comprised of diversified, training and selecting methods. Teachers who teach in preschool, primary school, junior high school, and senior secondary school are trained in universities of education or normal universities with teacher training programs or centers. These institutions are also responsible for providing in-service training and guidance for local education practitioners; from February 1, 2018, the training of teachers first implements qualification tests before conducting internships, and through exams selects a necessary number of students with just the right qualities, thus implementing a teaching and counseling training system. From December 1, 2018, the Ministry of Education will proclaim and implement the “Guidelines regarding teachers’ professionalism” and the “Criteria governing pre-service teacher education courses for teacher education” to implement a learner-centered training system.
University/College and Graduate School Education
The maximum study period for university education (including universities, colleges, universities of technology, and technical colleges) is 4 years (the Post-bachelor Second Specialty Program is 1-2 years, while the bachelor’s program is usually 2 years), and internships can last one-half to 2 years depending on the needs of the subject. For Master’s Degree candidates, the study period is limited to 1-4 years and for Doctoral Degree candidates to 2-7 years.
The teaching systems for special education and for regular education are completely identical, but in order to meet the special learning needs of special education students, at the stage before senior secondary education, the regular school will also organize special education classes in addition to regular classes. Special education schools are also established including preschool, primary school, junior high school, and senior or vocational high school. The schools primarily recruit students with serious or multiple disabilities. Students with hearing and visual impairments enroll in special schools for the deaf and blind respectively, but in the higher education system, they will attend completely regular schools. To safeguard the rights of special education students to receive education, the law has stipulated reasonably adapted rules, regarding the phases of education, the organization of the academic year, the education locale and way of implementation, the curriculum, teaching materials, and teaching and evaluation methods. All of those should maintain flexibility, with the duration of the studies to be adapted (shortened or lengthened) according to the practical situation, and all kinds of supportive services for special education should be provided.
The goals of arts education are to cultivate artistic talent, enrich the spiritual lives of citizens and elevate the cultural level. Arts education in Taiwan can be divided into professional arts education offered at schools, general arts education offered at schools and arts education offered to the public.
Supplementary and Continuing Education
Supplementary and continuing education have the aim to supplement citizens’ life knowledge, raise the education attainment, transfer practical skills, cultivate sound citizens, and help society to progress. This education system offers supplementary education, continuing education, and short-term supplementary education: all citizens who are past the usual study age but have not received the nine years of basic education can benefit from supplementary education; citizens who did receive nine-year basic education can receive continuing education; citizens who want to improve their life knowledge and ability can receive short-term supplementary education.